Question Name: sigma2012 or StoneWall
Solution to sigma2012 (Stone-Wall) by codility
stack = 
block_count = 0 # The number of needing blocks
for height in H:
while len(stack) != 0 and height < stack[-1]:
# If the height of current block is less than
# the previous ones, the previous ones have
# to end before current point. They have no
# chance to exist in the remaining part.
# So the previous blocks are completely finished.
block_count += 1
if len(stack) == 0 or height > stack[-1]:
# If the height of current block is greater than
# the previous one, a new block is needed for
# current position.
# Else (the height of current block is same as that
# of previous one), they should be combined to
# one block.
# Some blocks with different heights are still in the stack.
block_count += len(stack)